Copyright in the Digital Age

Still the bedrock of creativity and the creative industries

Choose a subject

●     Why Europe’s New Copyright Proposals Are Bad News for the Internet

●     ‘EU copyright legislation will not change in UK after Brexit’ argues Kaye

●     EU copyright reform proposals “sensible” say publishers

●     Publishers stress importance of Robust Copyright Regime Post Brexit

●     Congratulations to Dr. Aislinn O’Connell

●     Fit for Change? Copyright for Publishers in the Digital Age – Abstract/Intro

●     Copyright thesis – Chapter 1 Literature Review

●     Copyright thesis Chapter 2 – A Historical investigation of copyright

●     Copyright Thesis Chapter 3 – Legal Investigation

●     Copyright thesis Chapter 4 – Blocking initiatives

●     Copyright thesis Chapter 5 – Copyright and the UK Economy

●     Copyright thesis Chapter 6 – The Hargreaves Exceptions

●     Copyright thesis Chapter 7 – Alternative approaches

●     Copyright thesis – Conclusions

●     Index, List of Abbreviations, Tables of Cases & Legislation, Bibliography, Appendices 1&2

●     World Book and Copyright Day

●     EU’s new action plan for copyright and digital platforms

●     Google News Leaves Spain

●     Exceptions impact on business: air your views on 20 October 2014

●     Last Copyright Exceptions Come Into Force Today

●     Copyright and the UK Economy

●     Copyright Briefing – July 14

●     Culture of the Public Domain – A Good Thing?

●     An Employment Focus on the Creative Industries

●     Copyright exceptions back on track

●     Exceptions Update

●     LBF14 – Day 2

●     LBF14 – Day 1

●     New Director for Copyright and Enforcement Speaks

●     Copyright and the Future of Global Content Industries

●     Commons Committee warns against diluting IP rights

●     CLSG Launch Report: Streamlining Copyright Licensing for the Digital Age

●     IPso FACTo debate at Stationers Company

●     Publishers Launch Global Exchange on Copyright

●     Funding given to kick-start Copyright Hub

●     IPO thoughts on copyright and the economic effects of parody

●     Modernising copyright – February 2013

●     Stationers and UCL in joint copyright research initiative for communications and content industries

●     Government publishes proposals for changes to UK copyright

●     Stationers offer bursary to copyright research student

●     Hooper recommends UK Copyright Hub

●     Copyright adds extra £3 billion to national accounts

●     Hargreaves warned on damaging UK creative industries

●     PPA pushes for simplified IP rights exchange

●     NLA v Meltwater: a victory for content owners

●     How US publishers pirated Dickens’ works

●     Consultation on legal deposit

●     Minister says search engines must help stop pirates

●     EU votes through the Copyright Term Directive

●     Government backs Hargreaves Review

Index

A

EU, 15, 17, 31, 35, 36, 39, 40, 71, 72, 73, 118, 143, 147, 148, 162, 163, 165, 166, 167, 177, 185, 186, 187, 190, 191, 196, 197, 198, 201, 205, 206, 228, 234

European Commission, 24, 38, 147, 201, 217 European Parliament, 39, 41, 194, 201, 203, 204, 205,

228
European Union, 23, 24, 27, 38, 64, 71, 72, 118, 123, 162,

166, 170, 193, 201
exception, 12, 15, 30, 32, 36, 42, 44, 66, 169, 170, 172,

173, 174, 177, 178, 180, 182, 183, 184, 185, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 204, 239, 245

exceptions, 11, 15, 17, 23, 27, 29, 31, 33, 36, 41, 42, 43, 46, 47, 67, 69, 71, 74, 113, 128, 145, 146, 169, 170, 171, 173, 176, 177, 180, 182, 186, 187, 189, 190, 191, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 201, 206, 207, 228, 232, 234, 239, 242

F

fair dealing, 41, 42, 67, 171
fair use, 35, 36, 41, 42, 44, 46, 67, 113, 207
France, 15, 59, 60, 64, 72, 78, 79, 80, 105, 152, 169, 234

G

GDP, 47, 104, 131, 135, 136, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 146, 155, 160, 161, 162, 163, 164, 166, 167, 187, 238

Gowers, 17, 28, 29, 30, 32, 36
GR, 77, 78, 80, 84, 85, 87, 88, 89, 91, 94, 95, 96, 98,

99, 100, 103, 104, 105, 106, 108, 125, 126 graduated response, 48, 76, 78, 89, 105, 234 Graduated Response, 14, 77, 78, 86, 105

H

Hadopi, 78, 80, 81, 82, 83, 84, 87, 92, 94, 101, 104, 106, 126, 234, 241

Hargreaves, 15, 17, 22, 26, 27, 29, 30, 32, 34, 35, 37, 43, 46, 100, 127, 144, 145, 146, 147, 169, 170, 172, 177, 179,

ALRC, 41, 42, 43, 46
Australia, 15, 26, 28, 41, 42, 44, 78, 98, 109, 121, 123

B

Berne, 36, 49, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 74, 233 British, 20, 32, 41, 61, 99, 108, 110, 115, 116, 120, 123, 177,

210, 224, 230, 232, 239

C

Canada, 26, 71, 78, 88, 90, 91, 94, 131 CCUK, 103, 105, 108
CDPA, 16, 17, 58, 108, 114
CLA, 20, 145, 146, 210

Congress, 19, 44, 62, 63
copyright exceptions, 17, 73, 75, 144, 146, 170, 194, 202,

204, 208, 210
Copyright Hub, 22, 23, 208, 210, 228, 240, 244, 246 copyright term, 16, 44, 54, 55, 56, 59, 63, 66, 69, 72,

204
Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 16, 58 Creative Content, 78, 102

D

DEA, 17, 32, 99, 100, 102, 104, 105
digital copyright exchange, 22, 23, 31, 36, 232 Digital Copyright Exchange, 22, 33, 207 DMCA, 44, 110, 112
Donaldson, 56, 57, 58, 63

E

Eircom, 94, 95, 96
employment, 12, 135, 143, 144, 148, 150, 155, 156, 162,

163, 166, 167, 168
enforcement mechanisms, 76, 127, 128, 201, 230 ERR, 17, 21, 31, 228

Index

262

180, 186, 187, 199, 207, 208, 210, 228, 232, 238, 239, 245

I

InfoSoc, 15, 17, 23, 36, 38, 64, 67, 74, 75, 114, 118, 123, 173, 189, 190, 194, 196, 197, 204, 234

injunction, 57, 108, 112, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 123, 124, 237

injunctions, 55, 76, 108, 109, 114, 115, 116, 117, 123, 124, 126, 127, 224, 236

IPO, 33, 34, 36, 99, 104, 145, 169, 174, 207, 208, 209, 210, 223, 225, 228, 238, 240

Ireland, 14, 17, 19, 23, 26, 27, 28, 34, 35, 36, 37, 44, 49, 75, 78, 91, 94, 105, 108, 117, 118, 120, 123

Irish, 35, 36, 37, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 49, 94, 101, 108, 117, 118, 120, 232, 236, 241

ISP, 81, 86, 87, 88, 89, 91, 93, 94, 96, 98, 101, 108, 115, 117, 121, 122, 124, 126, 206, 236

L

licensing, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 31, 33, 35, 37, 38, 39, 40, 42, 45, 46, 47, 53, 128, 130, 145, 146, 172, 179, 180, 184, 186, 187, 188, 190, 193, 196, 200, 207, 210, 211, 214, 223, 231, 232, 238, 240, 245

M

Modernising Copyright, 33, 34, 37, 43, 232, 241 monopolies, 52
monopoly, 49, 53, 56, 59, 75, 172, 232

N

New Zealand, 78, 85, 86, 87, 88, 92, 95, 104, 105, 106, 234

notice and notice, 78, 88, 89, 90, 91
Notice and Notice, 89, 94
notice and take down, 235, 236
notice and takedown, 15, 48, 89, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112,

114, 236

O

Open Access, 15, 196, 211, 212, 213, 215, 216, 218, 219, 221, 240, 246

Operation Creative, 15, 200, 210, 224, 226, 230, 241, 246

orphan works, 17, 28, 30, 31, 42, 44, 46, 146

P

P2P, 78, 81, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 92, 98, 101, 103, 104, 105, 116

PA, 111, 112, 116, 127, 152, 153, 154, 236, 246
Pallante, 19, 44, 45, 46
piracy, 12, 14, 18, 29, 77, 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 91, 93,

94, 103, 105, 106, 109, 114, 115, 124, 125, 126, 127, 223,

224, 225, 226, 231, 234, 241
PLS, 20, 180, 183, 185, 196, 210
pma, 12, 61, 72
private copying, 15, 17, 30, 74, 169, 170, 172, 173, 174,

199, 206, 239
public domain, 12, 54, 56, 58, 60, 63, 73, 204, 213 publishing, 15, 25, 28, 51, 54, 98, 127, 130, 133, 140, 144,

146, 147, 148, 150, 151, 152, 153, 154, 161, 167, 168, 169, 201, 206, 210, 215, 216, 217, 220, 222, 229, 231, 237, 238, 245

Q

S

Stationers, 49, 52, 53, 54, 55, 232
Statute of Anne, 14, 48, 49, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 60,

61, 62, 64, 75, 233

T

TDM, 15, 40, 170, 175, 176, 177, 178, 179, 180, 181, 182, 183, 184, 185, 186, 187, 188, 189, 190, 191, 192, 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 202, 204, 206, 210, 239, 245

Index

263

quarantine period, 85 quarantine periods, 92

text and data mining, 15, 24, 32, 47, 170, 175, 185, 186, 195

The Seasons, 55, 57 Three-Step Test, 67, 74 torrent, 79, 80, 91, 116 TRIPS, 49, 67, 68, 69, 71, 73

U

UK, 11, 12, 13, 15, 17, 19, 23, 26, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 34, 36, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 47, 52, 58, 59, 60, 61, 64, 74, 75, 78, 84, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 105, 108, 109, 110, 111, 115, 116, 119, 123, 124, 125, 126, 129, 130, 131, 135, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 146, 147, 148, 151, 152, 153, 154, 155, 158, 161, 163, 167, 168, 169, 170, 171, 173, 174, 177, 178, 184, 185, 190, 191, 196, 197, 198, 201, 207, 208,

209, 215, 216, 217, 223, 224, 226, 227, 228, 229, 233,

234, 236, 237, 238, 240, 241, 242, 245
United Kingdom, 19, 28, 56, 99, 114, 130, 185
United States, 15, 26, 28, 42, 44, 61, 62, 63, 66, 90, 91,

105, 120, 169, 233
US, 15, 35, 36, 42, 44, 63, 66, 78, 91, 93, 95, 98, 103,

105, 109, 110, 111, 113, 120, 123, 142, 147, 148, 150, 151, 162, 163, 207, 223, 235, 236

W

WIPO, 15, 68, 70, 91, 129, 130, 131, 134, 135, 136, 137, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142, 143, 144, 146, 154, 155, 159, 160, 161, 162, 165, 168, 193, 233, 237, 238, 243

WTO, 49, 68, 69

Index

264

List of Abbreviations

ABS – Annual Business Survey

ACMA – Australian Communications and Media Authority

AFACT – Australian Federation Against Copyright Theft

ALAI – International Literary and Artistic Association

ALCS – Authors Licensing and Collecting Society

ALRC – Australian Law Reform Commission

APC – Article Processing Charge

API – Application Programming Interface

APNIC – Asia-Pacific Network Information Center (an issuer of IP addresses)

ARMT – Autorité de Régulations des Mésures Techniques

BCC – British Copyright Council

BIPRI – United International Bureaux for the Protection of Intellectual Property

BOAI – Budapest Open Access Institute BPI – British Phonographic Industry CAS – Copyright Alert System
CCUK – Creative Content UK

CDPA (1988) – Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988

CJEU – Court of Justice of the European Union

CLA – Copyright Licensing Agency

CMO – Collective Management Organisation

CRA – Charles River Associates

CRR Regulations – Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 2012 (Ireland)

CSA – Conseil Supérieur de l’Audiovisuel

CSPLA – Conseil supérieur de la propriété littéraire et artistique (France) [Council for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Property]

DCE – Digital Copyright Exchange

DCMS – Department for Culture, Media and Sport

DEA (2010) – Digital Economy Act 2010

DG – Directorate-General (European Commission)

DMCA – Digital Millennium Copyright Act (US)

DOAJ – Directory of Open Access Journals

DSM Strategy – Digital Single Market Strategy (European Commission)

ELT – English Language Teaching EPO – European Patent Office

List of Abbreviations

265

ERR Act – Electronic and Related Rights Act 2013

EU – European Union

FACT – Federation Against Copyright Theft (UK)

GATT – General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GDP – Gross Domestic Product

GESAC – European Grouping of Societies of Authors and Composers

GOSH – Great Ormond Street Hospital GR – Graduated Response
GVA – Gross Value Added

HADOPI – Haute autorité pour la diffusion des œuvres et la protection des droits sur internet

IPO – Intellectual Property Office [UK]

IPRs – Intellectual Property Rights

Irish SOPA – see CRR Regulations

ISIC – International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities

ISP – Internet Service Provider

ITO – International Trade Organization

IWL – Infringing Websites List

JISC – Joint Information Systems Committee

JRC – Joint Research Council

LIBER – Ligue des Bibliothèques Européennes de Recherche – Association of European Research Libraries

MCI – Media and Content Industries
MEP – Member of the European Parliament MFN – Most Favoured Nation
MoU – Memorandum of Understanding

NACE – Statistical classification of economic activities in the European Community (from the French Nomenclature statistique des activités économiques dans la Communauté européenne)

NHS – National Health Service
NLA – Newspaper Licensing Agency OA – Open Access

HM Government Government

– Her

Majesty’s

IAB UK – Internet Advertising Bureau UK

InfoSoc – Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the harmonisation of certain aspects of copyright and related rights in the information society

IOC – Initial Obligations Code
IP – Intellectual Property
IP Address – Internet Protocol Address IPAP – Internet Protocol Address Providers

List of Abbreviations

266

OCILLA – Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act

OECD – Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development

Ofcom –Office of Communications (UK)

OHIM – Office for the Harmonization in the Internal Market

OSP – Online Service Provider

P2P – peer to peer [downloading]

PA – Publishers Association

PIPA – Protect Online Property Act (US)

PIPCU – (City of London) Police Intellectual Property Crime Unit

PLS – Publishers Licensing Society

PMA – post mortem auctoris [after the death of the author]

PRC – Publishing Research Consortium

PRS for Music – the Performing Right Society for Music (also incorporates the Mechanical Copyright Protection Society)

PwC – Pricewaterhouse Cooper

R&D – Research and Development

RCUK – Research Council (UK)

REF – Research Excellence Framework

SOC – Standard Occupational Classifications

SOPA – Stop Online Piracy Act (US)

STEM – Science, Technology, Engineering, and Maths

STM – Science, Technology and Medicine (Scientific, Technical and Medical)

SWOT Analysis – Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats Analysis

TD – Teachta Dála – Member of the Irish Parliament

TDM – Text and Data Mining

TPP – Trans-Pacific Partnership

TRIPS Agreement – Agreement on Trade- Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

TTIP – Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership

UCL – University College London
UCSC – University of California Santa Cruz

UK SIC – UK Standard Industrial Classifications

US – United States (of America)

USPTO – United States Patent and Trademark Office

VCAP – Voluntary Copyright Alert Program

VPN – Virtual Private Network (a method of browsing the internet as if it were a private network and disguising your location)

WCT – WIPO Copyright Treaty

List of Abbreviations

267

WIPO – World Intellectual Property Organization

WPPT – WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty

WTO – World Trade Organization

List of Abbreviations

268

Table of Cases

Table of Cases Australia

Roadshow Films Pty and others v iiNet Ltd [2012] HCA 16 Roadshow Films Pty Limited v iiNet Limited [2011] FCAFC 23 Roadshow Films Pty Ltd v iiNet Limited (No 3) [2010] FCA 24

Canada

Alberta (Education) v Canadian Copyright Licensing Agency (Access Copyright) – 2012 SCC 37 Entertainment Software Association v Society of Composers, Authors and Music Publishers of

Canada – 2012 SCC 34
Re:Sound v Motion Picture Theatre Associations of Canada – 2012 SCC 38

Rogers Communications Inc v Society of Composers, Authors and Music Publishers of Canada – 2012 SCC 35

Society of Composers, Authors and Music Publishers of Canada v Bell Canada – 2012 SCC 36

Europe

Bestwater International (Case C-348/12)

Butterfly Music Srl v Carosello Edizioni Musicali e Discografiche Srl (CEMED) (Case C-60/98)

C More Entertainment (Case C-279/13)

Commission of the European Communities v French Republic (Case C-59/04)

Commission of the European Communities v Kingdom of Belgium (Case C-143/04)

Commission of the European Communities v Kingdom of Spain (Case C-31/04)

Commission of the European Communities v Kingdom of Sweden (Case C-91/04)

Commission of the European Communities v Republic of Finland (Case C-56/04)

Commission of the European Communities v United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (Case C-88/04)

Copydan Båndkopi (Case C-463/12)

269

Table of Cases

EGEDA and Others (Case C-470/14)
GS Media (Case C-160/15)
Hewlett-Packard Belgium (Case C-572/13)
Dimensione Direct Sales and Labianca (Case C-516/13)
Land Hessen v G Ricordi & Co Bühnen- und Musikverlag GmbH (Case C-360/00) Nokia Italia and Others (Case C-110/15)

Svensson and others (Case C-466/12)
Vereniging Openbare Bibliotheken (Case C-174/15)

Ireland

EMI Records (Ireland) Ltd and others v Eircom Ltd [2010] IEHC 108
EMI Records (Ireland) Ltd and others v The Data Protection Commissioner and another [2012]

IEHC 264
EMI Records (Ireland) Ltd and others v UPC Communications Ireland Ltd [2010] IEHC 377

EMI Records (Ireland) Ltd and others v UPC Communications Ireland Limited and others [2013] IEHC 204

EMI Records (Ireland) v The Data Protection Commissioner [2013] IESC 34
EMI Records Ireland Ltd and others v UPC Communications Ireland Ltd and others [2013] IEHC

274

Sony Music Entertainment (Ireland) Limited and others v UPC Communications Ireland Limited (No. 1) [2015] IEHC 317

Sony Music Entertainment (Ireland) Ltd and others v UPC Communications Ireland Ltd (No 2)

[2015] IEHC 386

UK

1967 Ltd and others v British Sky Broadcasting Ltd and others [2014] EWHC 3444 (Ch) 20th Century Fox Film Corporation v British Telecoms Plc [2012] Bus LR 1461

270

Table of Cases

British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors Musicians’ Union and others, R (on the application of) v Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills and another [2015] EWHC 1723

British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors Musicians’ Union and others, R (on the application of) v Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills and another [2015] EWHC 2041

British Telecommunications Plc and another, R (on the application of) v The Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills [2011] EWHC 1021 (Admin)

British Telecommunications Plc v Secretary of State for Culture, Olympics, Media and Sport [2012] EWCA Civ 232

Cartier International AG and Others v BSkyB and Others [2014] EWHC 3354 (Ch) Donaldson v Beckett (1774) Hansard, 1st ser, 17 (1774): 953-1003

Dramatico Entertainment Ltd and others v British Sky Broadcasting Ltd and others [2012] EWHC 268 (Ch)

EMI and others v BSkyB and others [2013] EWHC 379 (Ch)

Football Association Premier League v BSkyB and others [2013] EWHC 2058 (Ch)

Hinton v Donaldson (1773) SCS 1 July 1773

Millar v Taylor (1769) 4 Burr 2303, 98 ER 201

Norwich Pharmacal Co and others v Customs and Excise Commissioners [1974] AC 133

Paramount Home Entertainment and others v BSkyB and others [2013] EWHC 3479 (Ch)

Public Relations Consultants Association Limited v The Newspaper Licensing Agency Limited and others [2013] UKSC 18

Tonson v Collins (1762) 1 Black W 321
Twentieth Century Fox and others v British Telecommunications PLC [2011] EWHC 1981 (Ch) Twentieth Century Fox and others v Newzbin Ltd [2010] EWHC 608

US

Lenz v Universal Music Corp 572 F Supp 2d 1150 (ND Cal 2008) 271

The Authors Guild Inc, and others v Google, Inc 954 F Supp 2d 282 (SDNY 2013) Wheaton v Peters, 33 US (8 Pet) 591 (1834)
Capitol Records, Inc and others v Thomas-Rasset No 11-2820 (8th Cir 2012)

Table of Cases

272

Table of Legislation UK Statutes

Colonial Copyright Act 1847 (10 & 11 Vict c 95)

Communications Act 2003

Copyright (Musical Compositions) Act 1882 (45 & 46 Vict c 40)

Copyright (Musical Compositions) Act 1888 (51 & 52 Vict c 17)

Copyright Act 1709 (8 Ann c 21 or 8 Ann c 19)

Copyright Act 1775 (15 Geo 3 c 53) Copyright Act 1836 (6 & 7 Will 4 c 110) Copyright Act 1842 (5 & 6 Vict c 45) Copyright Act 1956

Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 Digital Economy Act 2010

Dramatic Copyright Act 1833 (3 & 4 Will 4 c 15)

Enterprise and Regulatory Reform Act 2013 Engraving Copyright Act 1734 (8 Geo 2 c 13)

Engraving Copyright Act 1766 (7 Geo 3 c 38)

Fine Arts Copyright Act 1862 (25 & 26 Vict c 68)

Copyright Act 1911 (1 & 2 Geo 5 c 46)

Lectures Copyright Act 1835 (5 & 6 Will 4 c 65)

Prints and Engravings Copyright (Ireland) Act 1836 (6 & 7 Will 4 c 59)

Prints Copyright Act 1777 (17 Geo 3 c 57)

Sculpture Copyright Act 1814 (54 Geo 3 c 56)

Short Titles Act 1896 (59 & 60 Vict c 14) Supreme Court Act 1981

UK Statutory Instruments

Artist’s Resale Right Regulations 2006, SI 2006/346

Copyright (Public Administration) Regulations 2014, SI 2011/1385

Copyright (Regulation of relevant licensing bodies) Regulations 2014, SI 2014/898

Copyright and Related Rights Regulations 2003, SI 2003/2498

Copyright and Rights in Performances (Disability) Regulations 2014, SI 2014/1384

Copyright and Rights in Performances (Personal Copies for Private Use) Regulations 2014 SI 2014/2361

Copyright and Rights in Performances (Quotation and Parody) Regulations 2014, SI 2014/2356

Copyright and Rights in Performances (Research, Education, Libraries and Archives) Regulations 2014, SI 2014/1372

Table of Legislation

273

Draft Statutory Instrument – The Online Infringement of Copyright (Initial Obligations) (Sharing of Costs) Order 2011

Other Territories

Australia

Copyright Act 1968

Copyright Amendment (Online Infringement) Act 2015

Canada

Copyright Act RSC 1985 c C-42

Copyright Modernization Act 2012

France

Code de la Propriété Intellectuelle (Livre I – Titre II)

Décret no 2013-596 du 8 juillet 2013 supprimant la peine contraventionnelle complémentaire de suspension de l’accès à un service de communication au public en ligne et relatif aux modalités de transmission des informations prévue à l’article L 331-21 du code de la propriété intellectuelle

loi no 2009-669 du 12 juin 2009 favorisant la diffusion et la protection de la création sur internet

Germany

Achtes Gesetz zur Änderung des Urheberrechtsgesetzes Vom 7 Mai 2013

India

Copyright (Amendment) Act 2012

Ireland

Copyright and Related Rights Act 2000

European Union (Certain Permitted Uses of Orphan Works) Regulations 2014, SI 2014/490

European Union (Copyright and Related Rights) Regulations 2012, SI 2012/59

New Zealand

Copyright (Infringing File Sharing) Amendment Bill 2010 No 119-1

Copyright (Infringing File Sharing) Amendment Act 2011

Copyright (Infringing File Sharing) Regulations 2011 SI 2011/252

Copyright Act 1994

Spain

Ley 22/1987, de 11 de noviembre, de Propiedad Intelectual: Boletín Oficial del Estado núm. 275, del 17 de noviembre de 1987

United States

A Bill to promote prosperity, creativity, entrepreneurship, and innovation by combating the theft of U.S. property, and for other purposes —HR 3261 (2011)

Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union (1781)

Copyright Act 1790, 1 Statutes At Large 124 Copyright Act 1831, 4 Statutes at Large 436

Digital Millennium Copyright Act 1998, Public Law 105–304

Trade Act 1974, Public Law 93-618

Table of Legislation

274

United States Constitution

EU Directives

Council Directive 91/250/EEC of 14 May 1991 on the legal protection of computer programs [1991] OJ L122/42

Council Directive 92/100/EEC of 19 November 1992 on rental right and lending right and on certain rights related to copyright in the field of intellectual property [1992] OJ L346/61

Council Directive 93/83/EEC of 27 September 1993 on the coordination of certain rules concerning copyright and rights related to copyright applicable to satellite broadcasting and cable retransmission [1993] OJ L248/15

Council Directive 93/98/EEC of 29 October 1993 harmonising the term of protection of copyright and certain related rights [1993] OJ L290/9

Directive 2000/31/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 June 2000 on certain legal aspects of information society services, in particular electronic commerce, in the Internal Market [2000] OJ L178/1

Directive 2001/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 22 May 2001 on the Harmonisation of Certain Aspects of Copyright and Related Rights in the Information Society [2001] OJ L167/10

Directive 2001/84/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 September 2001 on the resale right for the benefit of the author of an original work of art [2001] OJ L272/32

Directive 2004/48/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29 April 2004 on the enforcement of intellectual property rights OJ L195/16

Directive 2006/115/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on rental right and lending right and on certain rights related to copyright in the field of intellectual property [2006] OJ L376/28

Directive 2006/116/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on the term of protection of copyright and certain related rights [2006] OJ L372/12

Directive 2009/24/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 on the legal protection of computer programs [2009] OJ L111/16

Directive 2012/28/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 25 October 2012 on certain permitted uses of orphan works [2012] OJ L299/5

Directive 2014/26/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 26 February 2014 on collective management of copyright and related rights and multi-

Table of Legislation

275

territorial licensing of rights in musical works for online use in the internal market [2014] OJ L84/72

Directive 96/9/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 1996 on the legal protection of databases [1996] OJ L77/20

Treaties, Conventions, and Agreements
Agreement between the United Nations

and the World Intellectual Property Organization, 1974.

Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property, 1994

Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, 1886

Berlin Act (1908) Rome Act (1928) Brussels Act (1948) Stockholm Act (1967) Paris Act (1971)

Buenos Aires Convention on Literary and Artistic Copyright, 1910

Convention Establishing the World Intellectual Property Organization, 1970

EU Community Acquis

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1947

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, 1994

Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, 1883

Rome Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organisations, 1961

Treaty Establishing the European Economic Community, 1957

Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union, 2007

WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty, 1996

WIPO Copyright Treaty, 1995

Table of Legislation

276

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324

Appendix I

Appendix I: Master List of UK SIC 2007 Codes

18000 Printing and reproduction of recorded media 18100 Printing and service activities related to printing 18110 Printing of newspapers
18120 Other Printing

18121 Manufacture of printed labels

18129 Printing (other than printing of newspapers and printing on labels and tags) n.e.c.

18130 Pre-press and pre-media services

18140 Binding and related services

18200 Reproduction of recorded media

18201 Reproduction of sound recording

18202 Reproduction of video recording

18203 Reproduction of computer media

46490 Wholesale of other household goods

46499 Wholesale of household goods (other than musical instruments) n.e.c. (2003 51479 books only)

47590 retail sale of furniture, lighting equipment and other household articles in specialised stores*

47591 Retail sale of musical instruments and scores in specialised stores (scores only) 47610 Retail sale of books in specialised stores
47620 Retail sale of newspapers and stationery in specialised stores
47630 Retail sale of music and video recordings in specialised stores

47780 Other Retail sale of new goods in specialised stores* 47781 Retail sale in commercial art galleries

325

Appendix I

47789 Other retail sale of new goods in specialised stores (other than by opticians or commercial art galleries), n.e.c (picture framing)

58000 Publishing Activities

58100 Publishing of books, periodicals and other publishing activities

58110 Book publishing

58120 Publishing of directories and mailing lists

58130 Publishing of newspapers

58140 Publishing of journals and periodicals

58141 Publishing of learned journals

58142 Publishing of consumer, business and professional journals and periodicals

58190 Other publishing activities

58200 Software Publishing

58210 Publishing of computer games

58290 Other software publishing

59000 Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities

59100 Motion Picture, video and television programme activities
59110 Motion Picture, video and television programme production activities
59111 Motion picture production activities
59112 Video production activities
59113 Television programme production activities
59120 Motion picture, video and television programme post production activities 59130 Motion Picture, video and television programme distribution activities 59131 Motion picture distribution activities
59132 Video distribution activities

326

59133 Television programme distribution activities 59140 Motion picture projection activities
59200 Sound recording and music publishing activities 60100 Radio broadcasting

60200 Television programming and broadcasting activities 61100 Wired telecommunications activities
61200 Wireless telecommunications activities
61300 Satellite telecommunications activities

61900 Other telecommunications activities
62000 Computer programming, consultancy and related activities
62010 Computer programming activities
62011 Ready-made interactive leisure and entertainment software development 62012 Business and domestic software development
62020 Computer Consultancy activities
62030 Computer facilities management
62090 Other information technology and computer service activities
63000 Information service activities
63110 Data processing, hosting and related activities
63120 Web portals
63910 News agency activities
63990 Other information service activities n.e.c.
73110 Advertising agencies
73120 Media representation
74100 Specialised design activities (graphic design)
74200 Photographic Activities

Appendix I

327

74201 Portrait photographic activities

Appendix I

74202 Other specialist photography (not including portrait photography)

74203 Film processing

74209 Other photographic activities (not including portrait and other specialist photography and film processing) n.e.c.

74300 Translation and interpretation activities
77220 Renting of video tapes and disks
78100 Activities of employment placement agencies
78101 Motion picture, television and other theatrical casting 79900 Other reservation serice and related activities

79909 Other reservation service and related activities (not including activities of tourist guides) (theatre ticket agency)

90010 Performing arts
90020 Support activities to performing arts
90030 Artistic creation
90040 Operation of arts facilities
91010 Library and archive activities
91011 Library activities
93290 Other amusement and recreation activities (2003 92341 Dance hall) 94120 Activities of professional membership organisations

328

Appendix II: Data

2010 (aGVA) Less double counting

£ million 18000 5,087 18100 4,915

18110 44 44 18120 4,203 4,203 18130 527 527 18140 142 142 18200 172 172

46490 2,507

46499 2,470

47610 280 280 47620 1,068 1,068 47630 187 187

  1. 47780  4,199
  2. 47781  203 203

58000 10,268
58100 9,500
58110 2,261 2,261 58120 29 29 58130 2,325 2,325

58140 4,093 4,093

58190 792 792

58200 768

58210 95 95

58290 672 672 59000 3,568

59100 3,223
59110 664 664

59120 367 367

59130 1,710 1,710

59140 483 483

59200 344 344 60000 4,023

Less double counting

40 4,177 516 125 106

188 983 63

325

2,186 44 2,279 3,958 1,033

158 934

805 943 1,703 564 658

Appendix II

2011 (aGVA) Less double counting

2012 (aGVA)

£ million

£ million

5,337

4,964

page329image64080

5,190

page329image65416 page329image65840

4,858

69 69

40

4,465 4,465

4,177

552 552

516

104 104

page329image76744

125

page329image78840 page329image79264

146 146

106

2,681

2,287

461 461

page329image87712

188

page329image89808 page329image90232

1,606 1,606

983

page329image92208

308 308

page329image93440

page329image94184 page329image94608

63

page329image95536 page329image95960

3,962

page329image97424

112 112

page329image98800 page329image99224

325

page329image100288

10,812

page329image101624 page329image102048

10,593

page329image103128

9,178

page329image104320

page329image105064 page329image105488

9,501

page329image106416 page329image106840

1,919 1,919

2,186

page329image108800

19 19

page329image110176 page329image110600

44

page329image111664

2,179 2,179

page329image113040 page329image113464

2,279

page329image114544

4,015 4,015

page329image115944

3,958

1,046 1,046

1,033

page329image120592

1,004

1,092

page329image123584

174 174

158

page329image126632

830 830

934

4,715

4,674

page329image132488

4,016

4,016

1,368 1,368

805

page329image138344

806 806

page329image139744

943

1,565 1,565

1,703

page329image144392

505 505

564

471 471

658

4,924

5,031

page329image154672 page329image172368 page329image173856 page329image175344

329

Appendix II

page330image2208 page330image13352 page330image23680

482 482

626

4,442 4,442

4,404

37,226

page330image41080

39,695

page330image43176 page330image43600

9,423 9,423

9,593

17,245 17,245

19,867

63 63

36

10,494 10,494

10,199

7,277

7,126

page330image56976

4,268 4,268

page330image58352 page330image58776

4,320

407 407

611

page330image62720

2,117 2,117

page330image63952

page330image64696 page330image65120

1,763

page330image66048 page330image66472

486 486

431

page330image68432

5,720 5,720

page330image69808 page330image70232

6,553

page330image71296

1,523 1,523

page330image72672 page330image73096

1,505

page330image74176

2,504

page330image75368

page330image76112 page330image76536

2,500

page330image77464 page330image77888

819 819

776

page330image79848

108 108

page330image81224 page330image81648

124

page330image82712

**

page330image84048 page330image84472

1

page330image85552

6,842

page330image86912

3,667

page330image89008 page330image89432

page330image90912

374

page330image92272

460

**

page330image96440

3,633

page330image97632

page330image98376 page330image98800

3,883

page330image99728 page330image100152

1,418 1,418

1,515

page330image102128

281 281

325

1,754 1,754

1,848

page330image108024

180 180

195

-25

-67

page330image113880

-39 -39

518

519

page330image119280

829

991

83,911

1,360,925

page330image127016

6.17%

page330image128800

page330image130760 page330image141088

60100 486 486 60200 3,537 3,537 62000 35,808
62010 7,703 7,703 62020 18,521 18,521 62030 30 30 62090 9,555 9,555 63000 6,727

63110 3,711 3,711 63120 330 330 63910 2,187 2,187 63990 498 498 73110 4,863 4,863 73120 954 954 74100 2,049

74200 726 726 74300 80 80 77220 138 138

78100 5,562
78101 * *

79900 450

79909 425
90000 3,039
90010 1,234 1,234

90020 142 142 90030 1,474 1,474

90040 189 189 91010 116

91011 44 44 93290 684

94120 1,202
Total 77,063

626 4,404

9,593 19,867 36 10,199

4,320 611 1,763 431 6,553 1,505

776 124 1

* *

1,515 325 1,848 195

*

86,480

1,383,082 6.25%

Blue Book Total

1,327,923

% of GDP 5.80%

330

 
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